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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Magnetic hysteresis based on dipolar interactions in granular magnetic systems
Author: Allia, P
Coisson, M
Knobel, M
Tiberto, P
Vinai, F
Abstract: The magnetic hysteresis of granular magnetic systems is investigated in the high-temperature limit (T much greater than blocking temperature of magnetic nanoparticles). Measurements of magnetization curves have been performed at room temperature on various samples of granular bimetallic alloys of the family Cu(100-x)Co(x) (x =5-20 at. %) obtained in ribbon form by planar flow casting in a controlled atmosphere, and submitted to different thermal treatments. The loop amplitude and shape, which are functions of sample composition and thermal history, are studied taking advantage of a novel method of graphical representation, particularly apt to emphasize the features of thin, elongated loops. The hysteresis is explained in terms of the effect of magnetic interactions of the dipolar type among magnetic-metal particles, acting to hinder the response of the system of moments to isothermal changes of the applied field. Such a property is accounted for in a mean-field scheme, by introducing a memory term in the argument of the Langevin function which describes the anhysteretic behavior of an assembly of noninteracting superparamagnetic particles. The rms field arising from the cumulative effect of dipolar interactions is linked by the theory to a measurable quantity, the reduced remanence of a major symmetric hysteresis loop. The theorys self-consistence and adequacy have been properly tested at room temperature on all examined systems. The agreement with experimental results is always striking, indicating that at high temperatures the magnetic hysteresis of ranular systems is dominated by interparticle, rather than single-particle, effects. Dipolar interactions seem to fully determine the magnetic hysteresis in the high-temperature limit for low Co content (x less than or equal to 10). For higher concentrations of magnetic metal, the experimental results indicate that additional hysteretic mechanisms have to be introduced. [S0163-1829(99)01037-1].
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Physical Soc
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.60.12207
Date Issue: 1999
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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