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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Poly(vinyl alcohol) and poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) blended films for local nitric oxide release|
de Oliveira, MG
|Abstract:||The nitric oxide (NO) donor S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) was incorporated in solid polymeric films of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) and blended PVA/PVP. These matrices were found to provide a great stabilization effect on the thermal decomposition of GSNO, leading to 8-16-fold reduction in the first-order rate constants of NO release, compared to aqueous GSNO solutions. PVA/PVP-GSNO released 90% of the NO supply, over a time period of 24 h at 37 degreesC. Differential scanning calorimetry has confirmed the miscibility between the two polymeric components. Stress-strain analysis has shown an improvement of the mechanical property of PVA films in the PVA/PVP blend, which leads to an increase of 25% in the stress at break. Scanning electron microscopy has shown that the PVA/PVP-GSNO blend leads to a smooth coating of metallic surfaces. These properties, allied to the already known good biocompatibility of PVA and PVP, makes GSNO-containing PVA and PVA/PVP blend films good candidates for the local and controlled release of NO in target areas. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Sci Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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