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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Locally delivered doxycycline as an adjunctive therapy to scaling and root planing in the treatment of smokers: A 2-year follow-up
Author: Machion, L
Andia, DC
Lecio, G
Nociti, FH
Casati, MZ
Sallum, AW
Sallum, EA
Abstract: Background: The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the association of locally delivered doxycycline 10% with scaling and root planing in the periodontal treatment of smokers during a 2-year period. Methods: Forty-eight chronic periodontitis patients, presenting a minimum of four pockets (>= 5 mm) that bled on probing on anterior teeth were included. Patients were randomly assigned to receive one of the following treatments: scaling and root planing (SRP) and scaling and root planing followed by local application of doxycycline (SRP-D). Assigned treatments were performed at baseline and at 12 months. Clinical parameters, including probing depth (PD) and relative attachment level (RAL), were recorded at baseline; 45 days; 3, 6, and 12 months (retreatment); 45 days following retreatment; and at 15, 18, and 24 months. Results: In initially deep pockets (>= 7 mm), SRP-D showed greater PD reduction than SRP at 6 and 18 months (mean difference between groups of 1.18 and 1.73 mm, respectively; P < 0.05) and greater RAL gain in all periods after 3 months (mean difference between groups of 1.16, 1.99, and 1.78 mm, at 6, 18, and 24 months, respectively; P < 0.05). Also, the proportion of sites showing >= 2 mm PD reduction was greater for SRP-D at 6 months (81.2% x 50.8%; P < 0.001) and at 24 months (65.5% x 46.5%; P = 0.01). As for RAL gain, this proportion was 34.4% and 18.1% for SRP-D and SRP at 24 months, respectively (P = 0.008). Conclusion: The use of locally delivered doxycycline may constitute an important adjunct for the active and supportive treatments of severe periodontal disease in smokers.
Subject: dental scaling
root planing
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Acad Periodontology
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1902/jop.2006.050087
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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