Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/81178
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Pravastatin reduces myocardial lesions induced by acute inhibition of nitric oxide biosynthesis in normocholesterolemic rats
Author: Coelho, OR
De Luca, IMS
Tanus-Santos, JE
Cittadino, M
Sampaio, RC
Coelho, OR
Hyslop, S
Moreno, H
Abstract: Pravastatin is useful in restoring endothelium-dependent relaxation in hypercholesterolemic animals. A single intravenous bolus injection of N-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a non-specific inhibitor of NO synthase, causes myocardial necrosis and reduces coronary flow in rats. Since rats do not develop hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis, we have tested the hypothesis that pravastatin protects the heart from myocardial lesions induced by L-NAME in the absence of alterations in cholesterol levels and plaque formation. Male Wistar rats fed standard chow were divided into four groups: CONTROL (n=14) - rats that received tap water alone for 18 days; L-NAME (n=14) - rats that received L-NAME (15 mg/kg, i.v.) on the 14th day of the study; PRAVASTATIN (n=11) - rats that received pravastatin (6 mg/kg/day) in their drinking water for 18 days; PRAVASTATIN+L-NAME (n=12) - rats that received pravastatin (6 mg/kg/day) and L-NAME (15 mg/kg, i.v.) as indicated in the preceding groups. At the end of 18 days, the rats were sacrificed and the hearts removed for stereological analysis by light microscopy. Plasma nitrate/nitrite and thromboxane B-2 concentrations were determined immediately before and after L-NAME administration. Pravastatin prevented the ischemic lesions induced by the acute inhibition of NO biosynthesis (the area of myocardial lesions in the L-NAME group was greater than in the Pravastatin+L-NAME group: 101.6 mum(2) vs. 1.2 mum(2), respectively; P <0.0001) and markedly increased the plasma nitrate/nitrate concentrations, even before L-NAME administration. There were no significant changes in the plasma thromboxane B-2 concentrations. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
pravastatin
endothelium
L-NAME
thromboxane
myocardial infarction
hypertension
Country: Irlanda
Editor: Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S0167-5273(01)00423-5
Date Issue: 2001
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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