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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Prenatal and neonatal variables associated with enamel hypoplasia in deciduous teeth in low birth weight preterm infants
Author: Franco, KMD
Line, SRP
de Moura-Ribeiro, MVL
Abstract: This study investigated possible prenatal and neonatal variables that may influence the prevalence of tooth enamel hypoplasia in preterm and low birth weight children (LBW) and a matched control group of term children with normal birth weight (NBW). The study sample consisted of 61 children born preterm and with LBW examined at 18-34 months of age. The control group was formed by 61 infants born full term and with NBW examined at 31-35 months of age. All children were born at the Center of Integrated Attention of Women's Health (CAISM-UNICAMP). FDI criteria were followed for dental examination. Medical data was collected retrospectively from hospital records. Among preterms, 57.4% had some type of developmental defects of enamel (DDE), 52.5% had opacities and 21.3% presented hypoplasia. Among full-term children, 24.6% presented DDE, 24.6% had opacities and 3.3% had hypoplasia. LBW preterm infants presented a higher prevalence of hypoplasia than NBW controls. The deciduous teeth most affected by hypoplasia were maxillary incisors. There was no significant association with prenatal variables; among neonatal variables there was a significant association with respiratory distress syndrome and neurological examination at discharge with an altered result.
Subject: dental enamel hypoplasia
deciduous tooth
preterm birth
low birth weight
Country: Brasil
Editor: Univ Sao Paulo Fac Odontologia Bauru
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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