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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Layered organoclay with talc-like structure as agent for thermodynamics of cations sorption at the solid/liquid interface|
|Abstract:||A new silylating agent 2-mercaptoethyl-3-(triethoxysilyl)propylcarbamothioate was synthesized from the reaction of 1,2-ethanedithiol and 3-(triethoxysilyl)propylisocyanate. This precursor silylating agent and magnesium nitrate, using sol-gel conditions, yielded a layered organoclay with a talc-like magnesium phyllosilicate structure. Based on sulfur elemental analysis data, the maximum incorporation of organic moiety inside the clay-layer spaces gave 3.87 mmol g(-1), which talc-like structure was confirmed from a peak at 60 degrees in the X-ray diffraction patterns. The basal distance of 1.65 nm was calculated from a peak at 5.31 degrees. Infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance in the solid state for the carbon nucleus confirmed that the organic moiety is covalently bonded to the inorganic framework of the lamellar material. The success of hydrolysis and condensation reactions during the sol-gel process was confirmed by (29)Si NMR spectrum in the solid state by T(1), T(2) and T(3) silicon species. The organic moiety of the hybrid material contains nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur basic centers available for divalent lead, copper and cadmium cation removal. Based on the Langmuir model, the maximum sorption capacities of the hybrid for these cations were 7.08, 4.01 and 1.86 mmol g(-1), respectively. The thermodynamic data (Delta N, Delta G and Delta S) for cation/basic center interactions at the solid/liquid interface were determined through calorimetric titration. The negative Gibbs energy, exothermic enthalpy and positive entropic values indicate spontaneous and favorable conditions to cation removal at the solid/liquid interface. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier B.V.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Sa|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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