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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Recombinant Human Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 Impairs Cardiovascular beta-Adrenergic Responses
Author: Ferraz, KC
Sousa-Santos, O
Neto-Neves, EM
Rizzi, E
Muniz, JJ
Gerlach, RF
Tanus-Santos, JE
Abstract: Growing evidence supports the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular diseases. Particularly, imbalanced MMP-2 activity apparently plays a critical role in cardiovascular remodelling. While some studies have suggested that MMP-2 may affect the vascular tone and impair beta-adrenoreceptor function, no previous study has examined the acute haemodynamic effects of MMP-2. We examined the effects of recombinant human MMP-2 (rhMMP-2) administered intravenously to anaesthetized lambs at baseline conditions and during beta 1-adrenergic cardiac stimulation with dobutamine. We used 26 anaesthetized male lambs in two study protocols. First, rhMMP-2 (220 ng/kg/min. over 60 min.) or vehicle was infused in the lambs, and no significant haemodynamic changes were found. Therefore, we infused dobutamine at 5 mu g/kg/min. i.v. (or saline) over 180 min. in lambs that had received the same rhMMP-2 infusion preceded by doxycycline i.v. at 10 mg/kg (or saline). Plasma and cardiac MMP-2 levels were assessed by gelatin zymography, and gelatinolytic activity was assessed by spectrofluorimetry. Dobutamine decreased systemic vascular resistance index, and this effect was attenuated by rhMMP-2 infusion. Moreover, dobutamine increased the cardiac index and left ventricular dP/dtmax, and these effects were attenuated by rhMMP-2. The previous administration of doxycycline blunted rhMMP-2-induced changes in dobutamine responses. While the infusion of rhMMP-2 did not increase plasma and cardiac MMP-2 levels, it increased cardiac gelatinolytic activity, and doxycycline blunted this effect. Our findings show that rhMMP-2 exerts no major haemodynamic effects in lambs. However, rhMMP-2 impairs the responses elicited by activation of beta-adrenoreceptors.
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/bcpt.12001
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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