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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Inhomogeneous structure and magnetic properties of granular Co10Cu90 alloys
Author: Panissod, P
Malinowska, M
Jedryka, E
Wojcik, M
Nadolski, S
Knobel, M
Schmidt, JE
Abstract: Granular Co10Cu90 alloys displaying giant magnetoresistance have been obtained by melt spinning followed by an appropriate heat treatment in the range 0-700 degreesC. Their structural and magnetic properties have been studied on a microscopic scale using Co-59 NMR technique and thermoremanent magnetization measurements. The study reveals that in the as-quenched samples Co is involved in two main structural components: small, irregular, strained Co particles (60% of the entire Co population) and a composition modulated CoCu alloy. A high modulation amplitude of the concentration profile in the alloy subdivides the latter in two parts with distinctly different properties. One part consists of ferromagnetic alloy (average Cu concentration of about 20%) with a blocking temperature of about 35 K (involving 6% of the entire Co population in a sample). The other part, containing the remaining 34% of the entire Co population, is a paramagnetic alloy with a blocking temperature below 4.2 K. The ferromagnetic alloy is magnetically soft-its transverse susceptibility is lower by a factor of 7 than the transverse susceptibility of the quenched-in Co particles. The latter population has a blocking temperature of about 150-200 K. During the heat treatment, each of the two main structural components undergoes respective decomposition processes: both of them display two temperature regimes. One process consists in dissolving the quenched-in Co particles after annealing at around 400 degreesC, followed at higher temperatures by a nucleation and growth of the more regular in shape Co particles. The other process resembles a spinodal decomposition of the quenched-in CoCu alloy, resulting in sharpening of the concentration profile and eventually leading to Co cluster formation in samples annealed above 450 degreesC. Both processes end at about T-ap = 700 degreesC, in formation of large, pure Co clusters that are ferromagnetic at least up to 400 K.
Country: EUA
Editor: American Physical Soc
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2001
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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