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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Reduction in ecological cost through biofuel production from cooking oils: an ecological solution for the city of Campinas, Brazil
Author: Giracol, J
Passarini, KC
da Silva, SC
Calarge, FA
Tambourgi, EB
Santana, JCC
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to produce biodiesel from mixtures of cooking oil and provide a possible environmental solution for the region of Campinas (state of Sao Paulo, Brazil) based on the theory of environmental cost accounting (ECA). Cooking oil collected from homes in Campinas was mixed with ethanol at a ratio of 7:1 and transesterified at 60 degrees C for one hour for the obtainment of biodiesel using NaOH as a catalyst. The results of the physicochemical analyses demonstrated that the biodiesel possessed characteristics close to those required by Brazilian standards. A recent survey carried out in the city of Campinas revealed that residents are not concerned with the increased of environmental impact and ecological costs in the region caused by the disposal of used cooking oil, which is discarded in sewers and soil. Urgent action is recommended, beginning with raising awareness among the population and the implementation of a policy to determine the storage, periodic collection and use of cooking oil for the production of biodiesel. This fuel could be used for buses, trucks and machines or sold to fuel distributors, offering a savings of US$ 0.8 to 4.5 millions. Campinas could then gain environmental credits and become a sustainable city. Moreover, used cooking oil constitutes low-cost biodiesel with no consumption of raw materials and will reduce worldwide criticism directed at Brazil regarding the use of oleaginous plants for biodiesel production. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Cooking oils
Environmental cost accounting
Carbon credit
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Citation: Journal Of Cleaner Production. Elsevier Sci Ltd, v. 19, n. 12, n. 1324, n. 1329, 2011.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2011.02.015
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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