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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Reducing maternal mortality in Mozambique: challenges, failures, successes and lessons learned
Author: Jamisse, L
Songane, F
Libombo, A
Bique, C
Faundes, A
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to describe different approaches to make emergency obstetric care (EmOC) accessible to women in Mozambique. The definitions of basic (BEmOC) and comprehensive EmOC (CEmOC), proposed by the UN agencies, were adopted by FIGO and by the Mozambican Ministry of Health as a general strategy to reduce maternal mortality. Four projects are presented: (1) Jose Macamo and (2) Mavalane Hospitals in Maputo city, (3) Manhica District in Maputo Province and (4) Sofala Province. Jose Macarno was staffed by physicians 24 h a day; other hospitals by non-physicians trained in surgical and anesthesiology techniques, as well as nurse-midwives. Jose Macamo Hospital provided CEmOC to the city of Maputo and the southern area of Maputo Province. In 2001, this hospital attended 32% of deliveries and 38% of cesarean sections in the city, up from 14 and 2.5%, respectively, in 1998. The Mavalane Hospital failed to provide CEmOC; however, the number of deliveries per year almost doubled. The Manhica hospital carried out 31% of the District's C-sections in 2001, up from 9% in 1998. In Sofala Province, one additional CEmOC and four BEmOCs were installed and case fatality rates decreased. In conclusion, the strategy for ensuring provision of EmOC is feasible even in countries with minimal resources and a scarcity of physicians, such as Mozambique. (C) 2004 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: maternal mortality
emergency obstetric care
developing countries
Country: Irlanda
Editor: Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd
Citation: International Journal Of Gynecology & Obstetrics. Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd, v. 85, n. 2, n. 203, n. 212, 2004.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2004.01.005
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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