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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Reduced oxygen supply explains the negative force-frequency relation and the positive inotropic effect of adenosine in buffer-perfused hearts|
|Abstract:||In isolated rat hearts perfused with HEPES and red blood cell-enriched buffers, we examined changes in left ventricular pressure induced by increases in heart rate or infusion of adenosine to investigate whether the negative force-frequency relation and the positive inotropic effect of adenosine are related to an inadequate oxygen supply provided by crystalloid perfusates. Hearts perfused with HEPES buffer at a constant flow demonstrated a negative force-frequency relation, whereas hearts perfused with red blood cell-enriched buffer exhibited a positive force-frequency relation. In contrast, HEPES buffer-perfused hearts showed a concentration-dependent increase in left ventricular systolic pressure [EC50=7.0 +/- 1.2 nM, maximal effect (E-max)=104 +/- 2 and 84 +/- 2 mmHg at 0.1 mu M and baseline, respectively] in response to adenosine, whereas hearts perfused with red blood cell-enriched buffer showed no change in left ventricular pressure. The positive inotropic effect of adenosine correlated with the simultaneous reduction in heart rate (r=0.67, P<0.01; EC50+3.8 +/- 1.4 nM, baseline 228 +/- 21 beats/min to a minimum of 183 +/- 22 beats/min at 0.1 mu M) and was abolished in isolated hearts paced to suppress the adenosine-induced bradycardia. In conclusion, these results indicate that the negative force-frequency relation and the positive inotropic effect of adenosine in the isolated rat heart are related to myocardial hypoxia, rather than functional peculiarities of the rat heart.|
|Editor:||Amer Physiological Soc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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