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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Relationship between HLA antigens and infectious agents in contributing towards the development of Graves' disease|
|Abstract:||Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune thyroid disorder which is associated with the human leucocyte antigens HLA-DR3 and DQA1* O501 in Caucasians. We have explored the possibility that some patients with certain HLA specificities develop anti-HLA antibodies which are correlated with environmental factors that may contribute to the development of GD. We studied 40 GD patients and 157 healthy individuals (controls). Serology was used to type HLA-A -B, -Cw, and -DR antigens. The frequencies of these antigens in relation to lymphocytotoxic anti-HLA-A-B-Cw-DR antibodies and two environmental factors (Yersinia enterocolitica and Coxsackie B virus) were determined. The frequencies of HLA-B15, -B21 and DR3 antigens were increased, whereas HLA-DRS antigen was decreased in GD patients. A significant association between HLA-DR3 antigen and lymphocytotoxic antibodies was observed, i. e., IgGs from GD patients were cytotoxic to HLA-DR3+ normal B cells. Following absorption with Yersinia enterocolitica or Coxsackie-B-virus, only Coxsackie-B virus completely inhibited the lymphocytotoxic reactions against HLA-DR3(+) B cells. Besides confirming the association of HLA-DR3 with GD, this study also suggests the role of Coxsackie-reative HLA-DR3 antibodies as contributing factors to the pathogenesis of the disease.|
|Editor:||Marcel Dekker Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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