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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Regulation of hepatic cholesterol metabolism in CETP+/-/LDLR+/- mice by cholesterol feeding and by drugs (cholestyramine and lovastatin) that lower plasma cholesterol|
|Abstract:||1. The hepatic mechanisms involved in the simultaneous regulation of plasma cholesterol concentration and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) activity were investigated by sharply modifying the hepatic rates of cholesterol synthesis. This was accomplished by cholestyramine, lovastatin and cholesterol feeding in human CETP transgenic mice cross-bred with low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr)-knockout mice, generating CETP+/-/LDLr+/- mice, which present a plasma lipoprotein profile resembling that of humans. 2. Analyses of pooled data showed that the plasma CETP activity correlated positively with plasma total cholesterol concentration, hepatic CETP mRNA and the liver microsomal cholesterol content; a negative correlation was found between plasma CETP activity and the liver 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase and LDLr mRNA levels. These coordinated events represent an efficient control system that stabilizes the cell cholesterol content. 3. Nonetheless, not all cholesterol metabolism regulatory systems seem to fit into a coherent pattern of responses, suggesting that other unknown cellular mechanisms play roles depending on the type of pharmacological intervention. 4. For example, microsomal cholesterol content was not affected by cholestyramine, but was increased on cholesterol feeding (as predicted), and, surprisingly, on lovastatin treatment. Furthermore, although both plasma cholesterol-lowering drugs increased CYP7A1 mRNA and had no effect on CYP27 mRNA, other metabolic components were differentially modified. Cholestyramine and lovastatin, respectively, did not modify and increased both HMG-CoA and sterol responsive element binding protein 1c mRNA, did not modify and lowered liver X receptor alpha mRNA, lowered and increased ATP binding cassette A1 mRNA and lowered and did not modify scavenger receptor B1 mRNA. 5. That is, different to unabsorbed cholestyramine, lovastatin, as an absorbed plasma cholesterol-lowering drug, may have modified the activity of other unknown genes that play roles in the interaction of CETP with the metabolism of hepatic cholesterol.|
|Subject:||cholesteryl ester transfer protein|
low-density lipoprotein receptor
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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