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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of a Monophasic Oral Contraceptive Containing Nomegestrol Acetate and 17 beta-Estradiol A Randomized Controlled Trial
Author: Westhoff, C
Kaunitz, AM
Korver, T
Sommer, W
Bahamondes, L
Darney, P
Verhoeven, C
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To estimate the efficacy, cycle control, tolerability, and safety of a monophasic combined oral contraceptive containing nomegestrol acetate and 17 beta-estradiol (E2) in comparison with drospirenone and ethinyl E2. METHODS: In a randomized, open-label, comparative multicenter trial, healthy women (n=2,281; age 18-50 years) at risk for pregnancy and in need of contraception were allocated in a 3: 1 ratio to receive nomegestrol acetate (2.5 mg) and 17 beta-E2 (1.5 mg) in a 24-4-day regimen (investigational drug) or drospirenone (3.0 mg) and ethinyl E2 (30 micrograms) in a 21-7-day regimen (comparator) for 13 consecutive, 28-day cycles. The primary end point was the Pearl Index. RESULTS: The Pearl Indices for 18- to 35-year-old women in the investigational (n=1,375) and comparator (n=463) groups were 1.27 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.66-2.22) and 1.89 (95% CI 0.69-4.11), respectively. Respective 1-year cumulative pregnancy rates were 1.22 (95% CI 0.69-2.16) and 1.82 (95% CI 0.81-4.05). By the end of the trial, shorter, lighter scheduled bleeding or an absence of scheduled bleeding occurred with greater frequency (32.9%) in the investigational group, whereas unscheduled bleeding or spotting episodes were low (16.2% and 15.0% in the investigational and comparator groups, respectively). Acne prevalence decreased from approximately 33% at baseline to 22% and 14% at cycle 13 in the respective groups. In the investigational group, the most frequently reported adverse events were acne (16.4%), weight gain (9.5%), and irregular withdrawal bleeding (9.1%). CONCLUSION: Nomegestrol acetate and 17 beta-E2 were well tolerated and provided excellent contraceptive efficacy and acceptable cycle control.
Country: EUA
Editor: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Citation: Obstetrics And Gynecology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 119, n. 5, n. 989, n. 999, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e318250c3a0
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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