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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effects of Wheelchair Sports on Respiratory Muscle Strength and Thoracic Mobility of Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Moreno, MA
Zamuner, AR
Paris, JV
Teodori, RM
Barros, RML
Abstract: Moreno MA, Zamuner AR, Paris JV, Teodori RM, Barros RML: Effects of wheelchair sports on the respiratory muscle strength and thoracic mobility of individuals with spinal cord injury. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2012;91:470-477. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of wheelchair sports on respiratory muscle strength and the thoracic mobility of individuals with spinal cord injury. Design: Thirty male subjects with chronic spinal cord injury (American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale grade A) took part in the study and were divided into four groups: sedentary subjects with quadriplegia (S-QUAD, n = 7), wheelchair rugby athletes with quadriplegia (A-QUAD, n = 8), sedentary subjects with paraplegia (S-PARA, n = 6), and wheelchair basketball athletes with paraplegia (A-PARA, n = 9). The main outcome measures were maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure and the respiratory coefficients at the axillary and xiphoid levels. Results: A-QUAD group presented values significantly higher for all respiratory variables studied compared with the S-QUAD group. No significant differences in any of the respiratory variables were observed between S-PARA and A-PARA groups. There was a negative correlation between spinal cord injury level and respiratory variables for the S-QUAD and S-PARA groups. There were positive correlations in the A-QUAD group between time of training and maximal inspiratory pressure (adjusted R-2 = 0.84; P = 0.001) and respiratory coefficients at the axillary level (adjusted R-2 = 0.80; P = 0.002). Conclusions: Physical training seems to have a positive influence on respiratory muscle strength and thoracic mobility, especially in subjects with quadriplegia.
Subject: Spinal Cord Injuries
Respiratory Function Tests
Country: EUA
Editor: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Citation: American Journal Of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 91, n. 6, n. 470, n. 477, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e3182adcb0
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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