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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Determination of mechanical and optical properties of eucalyptus kraft pulp by NIR spectrometry and multivariate calibration
Author: Fardim, P
Ferreira, MMC
Duran, N
Abstract: Multivariate data analysis and NIR spectrometry were used to determine the mechanical and optical properties of eucalyptus kraft pulps with different chemical compositions and refined to different levels. Tear (TrID), tensile (TsID), burst (BuID), and bending (BeID) indexes and elastic modulus (EM), stretch (ST), and breaking length (BL) were the mechanical properties measured. Measurement of beating degree (SR) was also achieved. Light scattering (LS) and light absorption (LA) coefficients were the optical properties measured. Mechanical and optical properties were modeled using NIR spectra obtained on pulp hand sheets by diffuse reflectance and application of the partial least squares (PLS) method. Models with two to seven PLS components and very good predictive ability were established after testing the first-derivative, Kubelka-Munk, or a combination of both as pre-processing techniques. Models were validated by using cross-validation methodology and a comparison of measurements using conventional methods for new samples. The predictive models can reduce time in traditional measurements in the pulp and paper industry and are suitable for direct application using 'at-line conditions. As an additional benefit, improvements in process monitoring and paper quality can be achieved.
Subject: eucalyptus
chemical pulping
Country: EUA
Editor: Taylor & Francis Inc
Citation: Journal Of Wood Chemistry And Technology. Taylor & Francis Inc, v. 25, n. 4, n. 267, n. 279, 2005.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1080/02773810500366748
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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