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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Taurine supplementation: involvement of cholinergic/phospholipase C and protein kinase A pathways in potentiation of insulin secretion and Ca2+ handling in mouse pancreatic islets|
|Abstract:||Taurine (TAU) supplementation increases insulin secretion in response to high glucose concentrations in rodent islets. This effect is probably due to an increase in Ca2+ handling by the islet cells. Here, we investigated the possible involvement of the cholinergic/phospholipase C (PLC) and protein kinase (PK) A pathways in this process. Adult mice were fed with 2% TAU in drinking water for 30 d. The mice were killed and pancreatic islets isolated by the collagenase method. Islets from TAU-supplemented mice showed higher insulin secretion in the presence of 8.3 mM-glucose, 100 mu M-carbachol (Cch) and 1 mM-3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine (IBMX), respectively. The increase in insulin secretion in response to Cch in TAU islets was accompanied by a higher intracellular Ca2+ mobilisation and PLC beta 2 protein expression. The Ca2+ uptake was higher in TAU islets in the presence of 8.3 mM-glucose, but similar when the islets were challenged by glucose plus IBMX. TAU islets also showed an increase in the expression of PKA alpha protein. This protein may play a role in cation accumulation, since the amount of Ca2+ in these islets was significantly reduced by the PKA inhibitors: N-[2-(p-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinoline sulfonamide (H89) and PK inhibitor-(6-22)-amide (PKI). In conclusion, TAU supplementation increases insulin secretion in response to glucose, favouring both influx and internal mobilisation of Ca2+, and these effects seem to involve the activation of both PLC-inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate and cAMP-PKA pathways.|
Protein kinase A
|Editor:||Cambridge Univ Press|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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