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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Coherent quantum engineering of free-space laser cooling|
|Abstract:||Two distinct lasers are shown to permit controlled cooling of a three-level atomic system to a regime particularly useful for group-II atoms. Alkaline-earth-metal atoms are difficult to laser cool to the micro- or nanokelvin regime, but this technique exhibits encouraging potential to circumvent current roadblocks. Introduction of a sparse-matrix technique permits efficient solution of the master equation for the stationary density matrix, including the quantized atomic momentum. This overcomes long-standing inefficiencies of exact solution methods, and it sidesteps inaccuracies of frequently implemented semiclassical approximations. The realistic theoretical limiting temperatures are optimized over the full parameter space of detunings and intensities. A qualitative interpretation based on the phenomenon of electromagnetically induced transparency reveals dynamical effects due to photon-atom dressing interactions that generate non-Lorentzian line shapes. Through coherent engineering of an asymmetric Fano-type profile, the temperature can be lowered down to the recoil limit range.|
|Editor:||Amer Physical Soc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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