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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Catalytic partial oxidation and steam reforming of methane on La2O3-Al2O3 supported Pt catalysts as observed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy
Author: Rocha, KO
Santos, JBO
Meira, D
Pizani, PS
Marques, CMP
Zanchet, D
Bueno, JMC
Abstract: Structural transformations of Pt supported on Al2O3 or La2O3-Al2O3 were studied by X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) at the Pt L-3 edge during heating and cooling under partial oxidation of methane (POM) conditions, and by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) under steam reforming of methane (SRM) conditions. Ignition of the POM reaction occurred simultaneously with the reduction of PtO2 to metallic Pt, indicating that the ignition occurs on metallic Pt. When the temperature of the POM reaction was decreased, carbon accumulated on the metallic Pt surface, and the activation of CH4 was suppressed at about 370 degrees C. Nevertheless, the oxidation of carbon remaining on the metallic Pt surface continued until a temperature of around 270 degrees C was reached, when oxidation of Pt occurred and the oxidation reactions were extinguished. The EXAFS data obtained during SRM and under H-2 suggest that complex alterations in the structure of Pt particles occur with changes of temperature and reactant composition. The SRM activity of Pt catalysts depends on both the access of CH4 to active Pt sites, and the changes in the structure of Pt particles under reaction conditions. For both reactions, Pt supported on La2O3-Al2O3 was more stable than Pt supported on Al2O3, indicating a higher stability of Al2O3 modified with La2O3. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Pt catalysts
La2O3-Al2O3 oxides
Partial oxidation of methane
Steam reforming of methane
Pt-supported catalysts
In situ XAFS
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Citation: Applied Catalysis A-general. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 431, n. 79, n. 87, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.apcata.2012.04.022
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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