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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Carotid and uterine vascular resistance in short-term hormone replacement therapy postmenopausal users
Author: Lazar, F
Costa-Paiva, L
Pinto-Neto, AM
Martinez, EZ
Abstract: Objective: To compare the short-term effects of oral hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and placebo on carotid and uterine vascular impedance. Methods: 80 postmenopausal women selected from the outpatient clinic of the Hospital Leonor Mendes de Barros in S (a) over baro Paulo, Brazil, were randomized to oral HRT (estradiol 2 mg/norethisterone acetate I mg-Kliogest(r)) or placebo. Carotid and uterine arteries pulsatility indices (PIs) were assessed by color Doppler at baseline, after 4 and 12 weeks of treatment. Seventy-six women completed the trial, 38 in each group. Results: The carotid PI did not decrease significantly in either group. In the uterine arteries, the drop in PI was steeper and greater for HRT women. Drops occurred despite the supposed counteracting effect of norethisterone acetate. In placebo group, there was no significant difference between 4 and 12 weeks of treatment compared with the baseline. The results did not change when analyzed in a real treatment approach. Conclusion: Oral continuous HRT are effective at 12 weeks in reducing impedance to flow in uterine, but not in carotid circulation. These results suggest that the effects of HRT vary by vascular site, and do not have a detectable short-term vascular effect in the carotid area. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: HRT
pulsatility index
color doppler
carotid artery
uterine artery
cardiovascular protection
Country: Irlanda
Editor: Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd
Citation: Maturitas. Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd, v. 48, n. 4, n. 472, n. 478, 2004.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2003.11.003
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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