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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Bothrops lanceolatus (Fer de lance) venom stimulates leukocyte migration into the peritoneal cavity of mice
Author: Arruda, VA
Guimaraes, ADQ
Hyslop, S
de Araujo, PMF
Bon, C
de Araujo, AL
Abstract: The ability of Bothrops lanceolatus venom to induce neutrophil migration into the peritoneal cavity of mice was investigated. Intraperitoneal injection of venom caused dose- and time-dependent neutrophil migration, which peaked with 750 ng of venom/cavity 4 It after venom injection. The neutrophil migration was significantly reduced by pretreatment with dexamethasone (0.5 mg/kg, s.c.), an indirect inhibitor of phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)), and AA861 (0.01 mg/kg, s.c.), a 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, but in contrast, was not modified by pretreatment with indomethacin (2 mg/kg, s.c.), an inhibitor of the cyclooxygenase pathway, meloxicam (5 mg/kg, s.c.), an inhibitor of the cyclooxygenase-2 pathway, or the PAF inhibitor WEB2086 (40 mg/kg, s.c.). Dexamethasone and AA861 also inhibited the neutrophil migration by 60% when administered immediately after venom injection, and the co-administration of these two drugs caused a 75% reduction in migration. BLV-induced neutrophil migration was not due to contamination by endotoxin since polymyxin B-treated venom retained its activity. Heating the venom (97 degreesC, 2 min) reduced the PLA(2), activity by 64% and this was accompanied by a corresponding reduction (68%) in neutrophil migration. These results suggest that arachidonate-derived lipoxygenase metabolites (possibly leukotriene B-4) are involved in the chemotaxis observed. Macrophages may be an important source of these metabolites since the migratory response to venom was potentiated in mice pretreated with thioglycollate, but reduced when the peritoneal cavity was washed with sterile saline. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: leukocyte migration
peritoneal cavity inflammation
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: Toxicon. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, v. 41, n. 1, n. 99, n. 107, 2003.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S0041-0101(02)00238-6
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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