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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Both Interleukin-3 and Interleukin-6 Are Necessary for Better Ex Vivo Expansion of CD133+Cells From Umbilical Cord Blood|
|Abstract:||Umbilical cord blood (UCB), an ideal source for transplantable hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), is readily available and is rich in progenitor cells. Identification of conditions favoring UCB-HSC ex vivo expansion and of repopulating potential remains a major challenge in hematology. CD133+ cells constitute an earlier, less-differentiated HSC group with a potentially higher engraftment capacity. The presence of SCF, Flt3-L, and TPO are essential for CD133+ and/or CD34+ cells ex vivo expansion; however, IL-3 and IL-6 influence has not yet been clearly established. We investigated this influence on CD133+ cells from UCB ex vivo expansion and the effect of these cytokines upon cell phenotype. Immediately after isolation an 85% of CD133+ cell purity was obtained, diminishing after 4 and 8 days of ex vivo expansion. CD133+ fold-increase was higher using IMDM with SCF, Flt3-L, and TPO (BM)+IL-3 or BM+IL-3+IL-6 on day 8 (13.83- and 17.47-fold increase, respectively). BM+IL-6 presented no significant difference from BM alone. We demonstrated that 5.1% of the CD133+ cells expressed IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) after isolation. After 4 and 8 days in culture, the percentage of CD133+ cells that expressed IL-6R was as follows: BM alone (9.8% and 22.02%, respectively); BM+IL-3 (8.33% and 16.74%); BM+IL-6 (9.2% and 17.67%); and BM+IL-3+IL-6 (12.5% and 61.20%). Cell cycle analysis revealed quiescent cells after isolation, 95.5% CD133+ cells in the G0/G1 phase. Regardless of culture period or cytokine incubation, CD133+ cell cycle altered to 70% of CD133+ in the G0/G1 phase. Colony-forming unit (CFU) doubled in BM+IL-3+IL-6 after 8 days of incubation compared with BM group. SOX-2 and NANOG-relative gene expression was detected on day 0 after isolation. BM+IL-6 prevented the decrease in NANOG and SOX-2 gene expression level compared to BM+IL-3 or BM+IL-3+IL-6 incubated cells. Our results indicated that UCB-isolated CD133+ cells were better ex vivo expanded in the presence of SCF, Flt3-L, TPO, IL-3+IL-6. IL-3 probably promotes higher CD133+ cell expansion and IL-6 maintains immature phenotype.|
|Editor:||Mary Ann Liebert Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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