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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The electron-phonon interaction from fundamental local gauge symmetries in solids
Author: Dartora, CA
Cabrera, GG
Abstract: The elastic properties of solids are described in close analogy with General Relativity, by locally gauging the translational group of space-time. Electron interactions with the crystal lattice are thus generated by enforcing full gauge invariance, with the introduction of a gauge field. Elementary excitations are associated with the local gauge, contrasting to the usual interpretation as Goldstone bosons emerging from global symmetry breaking. In the linear limit of the theory, the gauge field displays elastic waves, that we identify with acoustic phonons, when the field is quantized. Coupling with the electronic part of the system yields the standard electron-phonon interaction. If spin-orbit effects are included, unusual couplings emerge between the strain field and the electronic spin current, leading to novel physics that may be relevant for spintronic applications.
Subject: nonlinear elasticity
general relativity
gauge symmetry
non-Abelian gauge fields
electron-phonon interaction
spin currents
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Iop Publishing Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/47/3/035004
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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