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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Antiulcerogenic effect of a hydroalcoholic extract and its organic fractions of Neurolaena lobata (L.) R.BR.|
|Abstract:||Neurolaena lobata is a species used widely in Caribbean folk medicine to treat gastric pain and ulcers. The hexane (HxF), chloroform (CIF) and aqueous (H2OF) fractions of a hydroalcoholic extract (HE) of N. lobata aerial parts were investigated for their ability to prevent ulceration of the gastric mucosa. In the stress-induced gastric model the HE, HxF and CIF fractions produced a significant reduction of gastric lesion formation by 48, 70 and 52%, respectively. HE, HxF and CIF fractions (41, 57 and 51%, respectively) also reduced significantly the gastric lesions induced by the combination of indomethacin and bethanechol, and the ulcers induced by HCl/ethanol solution by 77, 86 and 83%, respectively (P < 0.05). The pylorus-ligature experiment demonstrated that the HE, HxF and ClF fractions changed significantly the gastric juice parameters, such as pH values (increases to 5.4, 4.9 and 4.8, respectively) and acid output (decreased by 4.6, 5.8 and 6.2 mEq mL(-1) 4h respectively) and gastric content (increased by 400, 410 and 390 mg, respectively) in animals. In the animals pre-treated orally with the HxF fraction, prostaglandin synthesis was increased significantly, by 104%, and free mucus production was increased by 54% in the gastric mucosa (P < 0.001). The H2OF did not exhibit activity in any of the experimental models assayed. The data suggest that the HE and mainly the HxF of fractions from N. lobata present a significant anti-ulcer effect when assessed in these ulcer-induced models. Although the mechanism underlying this antiulcerogenic effect remains unknown, it seems to be related to an increased activity of the defensive mechanisms of the stomach, such as prostaglandin synthesis and mucus production.|
|Editor:||Urban & Fischer Verlag|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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