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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Ant dispersal of Croton priscus (Euphorbiaceae) seeds in a tropical semideciduous forest in southeastern Brazil
Author: Passos, L
Ferreira, SO
Abstract: Seed dispersal of C. priscus was studied in a semideciduous forest in S.E. Brazil. C. priscus is a pioneer tree, with abundant capsules containing three elaiosome-bearing seeds. The seeds are explosively dispersed and the mean ballistic dispersal distance for two trees were 3.2 and 3.4 m. The explosive ejection of seeds is followed by ant exploitation. Eleven ant species were attracted to the elaiosomes of the seeds, bur only two species regularly removed seeds. On average, Atta sexdens and Pheidole sp. 1 move seeds 2.5 and 1.0 m, respectively. The ants usually deposit the seeds in the nest. The seed removal rate was 88 percent: (N = 100) over the first 24 hr of exposure. Our results indicate that elaiosome removal by ants probably does not improve germination rates in C. priscus. Seeds without elaiosomes and seedlings of C. priscus were frequent on refuse piles of ant nest in the study area, suggesting that transport of the seeds by Attini and Pheidolini may provide beneficial effects in the Croton system.
Subject: ants
ant-plant interaction
ballistic dispersal
seed dispersal
seed rain
Editor: Assoc Tropical Biology Inc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.2307/2389055
Date Issue: 1996
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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