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|Title:||Anesthetic efficacy and pain induced by dental anesthesia: the influence of gender and menstrual cycle|
|Author:||Tofoli, G. R.|
Ramacciato, J. C.
Volpato, M. C.
Meechan, J. G.
Groppo, F. C.
|Abstract:||To assess the influence of the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives on pain sensitivity and local anesthetic effectiveness. Thirty volunteers were designated into 3 groups (n = 10): group 1, women using contraceptives; group 2, women not using contraceptives; and group 3, men. Groups 1 and 2 had a buccal infiltration of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine at the upper-right canine during each one of the 5 phases of the menstrual cycle and group 3 at a randomly selected day. Pain threshold, latency period, and pulpal anesthesia were measured with an electrical pulp tester. Injection discomfort was recorded. Data were analyzed with Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Pain threshold was higher in men; however, there were no significant differences (P > .05) in anesthetic duration and injection discomfort. Injection discomfort and clinical effectiveness of local anesthetics are not related to sex, phases of the menstrual cycle, or use of oral contraceptives|
|Citation:||Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology And Endodontology. Mosby-elsevier, v. 103, n. 2, n. E34, n. E38, 2007.|
|Appears in Collections:||FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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