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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Trends in Hydrological Parameters of a Southern Brazilian Watershed and its Relation to Human Induced Changes|
|Abstract:||The Piracicaba river basin is a subtropical watershed located in the southeastern region of Brazil. With an area of 12 400 km(2), the basin is a typical example of new landscape resulting from development in tropical and sub-tropical regions: establishment of intensive industrial and agricultural processes were followed by significant population growth and water management. This scenario has led to significant increase in water demand and decrease in water quality. The main objective of this study is the detection of changes in the patterns of flow and precipitation in the basin, and its possible relation to man-induced changes. Statistical analyses were performed on records of precipitation, evapotranspiration and streamflow, from 1947 to 1991. Precipitation and evapotranspiration totals showed significant increasing trends for the entire basin. From eight streamflow gauge stations, half showed significant decreasing trend. The most probable cause of such trends is the export of water from the basin to the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo city.|
human induced changes
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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