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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Tree allometry and crown shape of four tree species in Atlantic rain forest, south-east Brazil
Author: Alves, LF
Santos, FAM
Abstract: The allometry of crown shape and trunk diameter with true height were analysed for four tree species in a tropical lowland rain forest, southeast Brazil. The dimensional relationships of a subcanopy species (Garcinia gardneriana) were contrasted with those of two canopy (Chrysophyllum flexosum and Swartzia simplex) and one emergent species (Sloanea guianensis). For all trees greater than or equal to1 cm dbh, we recorded dbh, total height, branching height. crown area, crown width and crown length. Observed allometric relationships indicated interspecific variation in trunk diameter and crown shape with height. All species conformed to the elastic similarity model, except the emergent one that showed thicker trunks and a scaling exponent conforming to the constant stress model. The general allometric function used to describe the overall relationship (all sizes combined) did not specify exceptional variation in crown shape between species of contrasting adult stature (emergent vs. subcanopy species). However, when allometric relationships through ontogeny were considered, different strategies of growth, maintenance 9 and expansion of crown became evident. Crown shapes were Much more variable in canopy and emergent species than in the subcanopy one, suggesting that larger-statured species might be more flexible in the relative allocation of energy to height, diameter, and crown growth than smaller-statured ones. Notwithstanding, it is suggested that it is not possible adequately to predict allometric relationships only by adult stature/canopy position. Allometric variation may be also related to size-dependent changes in demographic traits and/or different responses to light availability among tree species.
Subject: Brazil
mechanical stability
tree allometry
tropical lowland rain forest
tropical tree species
Country: EUA
Editor: Cambridge Univ Press
Citation: Journal Of Tropical Ecology. Cambridge Univ Press, v. 18, n. 245, n. 260, 2002.
Rights: embargo
Date Issue: 2002
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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