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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Alternative X-ray filters for an intra-oral digital radiographic system
Author: Stecke, J
Cruz, AD
Almeida, SM
Boscolo, FN
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the modulation of the radiation spectrum with the use of alternative X-ray filters in the quality of intra-oral digital images from storage phosphor plates. Methods: The radiographic exposures were performed in a GE 1000 X-ray machine (General Electric Co., Milwaukee, WI), operating at 65 kVp, 10 mA, 40 cm focus receptor distance using three different exposure times: 0.05s, 0.16s and 0.35s. The control filter (GC) was 100% aluminium (Al) with a thickness of 1.5 mm. The tested filters were: G1, 97% Al and 3% copper (Cu) with 1.47 mm thickness; G2, 96% Al and 4% Cu with 1.53 mm thickness; G3, 95% Al and 5% zinc (Zn) with 1.56 mm thickness; G4, 98% Al and 2% Zn with 1.5 mm thickness; and G5, 95% Cu and 5% Zn with 1.6 Trim thickness. For formation of the image, a 12-step Al wedge (each step with increments of 1 mm in thickness) was radiographed 10 times. Pixel values measured in digital images were converted into optical density (OD). Results: All replicates showed OD with high reproducibility (r > 0.95) for all exposure times and tested filters. In comparison between filters, statistically significant differences in density (p < 0.05) were observed. The OD curve of the G5 filter in all exposure times and G3 filter in an exposure time of 0.05 s showed changes in shape (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Excluding the G5 filter, all others tested filters can be used as a substitute for GC without losses in image quality. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology (2012) 41, 361-366. doi: 10.1259/dmfr/94751012
Subject: X-rays
radiographic image enhancement
dental digital radiography
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: British Inst Radiology
Citation: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. British Inst Radiology, v. 41, n. 5, n. 361, n. 366, 2012.
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1259/dmfr/94751012
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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