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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Altered NAD(P)H production in neonatal rat islets resistant to H(2)O(2)
Author: Stoppiglia, LF
Rezende, LF
Cappelli, APG
Ferreira, F
Boschero, AC
Abstract: Aims: We determined the involvement of NAD(P)H generation ability on the resistance of pancreatic islets B-cells to oxidative stress caused by culture exposition to H(2)O(2). Main methods: We cultured isolated neonatal Wistar rat islets for four days in medium containing 5.6 or 20 mM glucose, with or without H(2)O(2) (200 mu M), and analyzed several parameters associated with islet survival in different media. High glucose was used since it protects neonatal islets against the loss of GSIS. Key findings: While none of the culture conditions increased the rate of NAD(P)H content at 16.7 mM glucose, the islets resistant to H(2)O(2) and those exposed to 20 mM glucose showed a greater use of the pentose phosphate pathway and increased ATP synthesis from glucose. Significance: Oxidative stress contributes to the loss of glucose-induced insulin secretion (GSIS) during the onset of diabetes mellitus. Although immature rat islets have reduced GSIS compared to mature islets, they adapt better to oxidative stress and are a good model for understanding the causes involved in the destruction or survival of islet cells. These data support the idea that GSIS and resistance against oxidative stress in immature islets rely on NADH shuttle activities, with little contribution of reduced equivalents from the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCAC). (c) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: Glucose oxidation
NADH shuttles
Neonatal pancreatic islets
Pentose phosphate pathway
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: Life Sciences. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, v. 83, n. 21-22, n. 709, n. 716, 2008.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs.2008.09.012
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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