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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Tuning the Selectivity of Ionic Liquid Stationary Phases for Enhanced Separation of Nonpolar Analytes in Kerosene Using Multidimensional Gas Chromatography
Author: Hantao, LW
Najafi, A
Zhang, C
Augusto, P
Anderson, JL
Abstract: In this study, a series of ionic liquids (ILs) are evaluated as stationary phases in comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC X GC) for the separation of aliphatic hydrocarbons from kerosene. IL-based stationary phases were carefully designed to evaluate the role of cavity formation/dispersive interaction on the chromatographic retention of nonpolar analytes by GC X GC. The maximum allowable operating temperature (MAOT) of the IL-based columns was compared to that of commercial IL-based columns. Evaluation of the solvation characteristics of GC columns guided the selection of the best performing IL-based stationary phases for the resolution of aliphatic hydrocarbons, namely, trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium tetrachloroferrate ([P-66614][FeCl4]) and trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium tris(pentafluoroethyl)trifluorophosphate ([P-66614][PAP]) ILs. The best performing [P-6614][FeCl4] IL-based column exhibited a MAOT of 320 degrees C, higher than the commercial SUPELCOWAX 10 (MAOT of 280 degrees C) and commercial IL-based columns (MAOT up to 300 degrees C). The structurally tuned [P-66614][FeCl4] IL stationary phase exhibited improved separation of aliphatic hydrocarbons by GC X GC compared to the commercial columns examined (e.g., OV-1701, SUPELCOWAX 10, SLB-IL60, SLB-IL100, and SLB-IL111).
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Chemical Soc
Citation: Analytical Chemistry. Amer Chemical Soc, v. 86, n. 8, n. 3717, n. 3721, 2014.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1021/ac5004129
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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