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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Versus Placebo to Reduce the Risk of Recurrences of Toxoplasma Gondii Retinochoroiditis: Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Author: Felix, JPF
Lira, RPC
Zacchia, RS
Toribio, JM
Nascimento, MA
Arieta, CEL
Abstract: PURPOSE: To compare the effects of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole vs placebo in reducing the risk of recurrences of Toxoplasma gondii retinochoroiditis. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective randomized double-masked clinical trial. METHODS: A total of 95 patients from Campinas, Brazil, with active recurrent Toxoplasma gondii retinochoroiditis were included. The initially active toxoplasmosis lesions were successfully treated in all cases using trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (800 mg/160 mg) twice daily for 45 days. Subsequently, 5 patients dropped out of the study. The remaining patients were randomized to Group 1 (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole tablet every 2 days) or Group 2 (identical placebo tablet every 2 days). Randomization was 1:1, was stratified by sex, and used block sizes of 4. The primary outcome was recurrent toxoplasmosis retinochoroiditis within 1 year, and the secondary outcome was a 1-year change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (ETDRS chart). RESULTS: The incidence of recurrent toxoplasmosis retinochoroiditis within 12 months was 0 of 46 (0%) and 6 of 47 (12.80%) in the trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and placebo groups, respectively (P = .026). Visual acuity improvements in the 2 groups were similar. No treatment-limiting toxicity was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole therapy resulted in a 100% reduction in the recurrence of Toxoplasma gondii retinochoroiditis over 1 year of treatment. (C) 2014 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Country: EUA
Editor: Elsevier Science Inc
Citation: American Journal Of Ophthalmology. Elsevier Science Inc, v. 157, n. 4, n. 762, n. 766, 2014.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2013.12.022
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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