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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans Infection Enhances Apoptosis In Vivo through a Caspase-3-Dependent Mechanism in Experimental Periodontitis|
|Abstract:||The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that diabetes aggravates periodontal destruction induced by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans infection. Thirty-eight diabetic and 33 normal rats were inoculated with A. actinomycetemcomitans and euthanized at baseline and at 4, 5, and 6 weeks after inoculation. Bone loss and the infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) in gingival epithelium were measured in hematoxylin-eosin-stained sections. The induction of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and of apoptotic cells by a TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling) assay. After A. actinomycetemcomitans infection, the bone loss in diabetic rats was 1.7-fold and the PMN infiltration 1.6-fold higher than in normoglycemic rats (P < 0.05). The induction of TNF-alpha was 1.5-fold higher and of apoptotic cells was up to 3-fold higher in diabetic versus normoglycemic rats (P < 0.05). Treatment with a caspase-3 inhibitor significantly blocked noninflammatory cell apoptosis induced by A. actinomycetemcomitans infection in gingival epithelium and connective tissue (P < 0.05). These results provide new insight into how diabetes aggravates A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced periodontal destruction in rats by significantly increasing the inflammatory response, leading to increased bone loss and enhancing apoptosis of gingival epithelial and connective tissue cells through a caspase-3-dependent mechanism. Antibiotics had a more pronounced effect on many of these parameters in diabetic than in normoglycemic rats, suggesting a deficiency in the capacity of diabetic animals to resist infection.|
|Editor:||Amer Soc Microbiology|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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