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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Aflatoxins, ochratoxin A and zearalenone in Brazilian corn cultivars
Author: Machinski, M
Soares, LMV
Sawazaki, E
Bolonhezi, D
Castro, JL
Bortolleto, N
Abstract: Past surveys indicated that the occurrence of aflatoxins, zearalenone and ochratoxin A was not a problem in corn and corn products in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. However, according to recent studies, a change in pattern has been detected. To obtain a better overview, these toxins were searched for in 110 samples of freshly harvested corn, corresponding to 48 commercial cultivars planted at three different locations in the state. Aflatoxin contamination was found in 60 (54.5%) of the samples, in levels ranging from 6 to 1600 mu gkg(-1) aflatoxin B-1;. Insect control was exercised, so this was not the main route of corn infection. Endosperm type, germplasm type, number of days to flowering, and length of time the mature corn remained in the field had no effect on aflatoxin contamination. Ochratoxin A was found in two samples (206 and 128 mu gkg(-1)) and zearalenone in one sample (4640 mu gkg(-1)). Possible causes of the increase in aflatoxin levels may lie in the changing nature of the commercial cultivars employed, associated with the forsaking of the original landraces, and in a change in the toxigenicity pattern of the corn mycoflora Aspergillus flavus/Aspergillus parasiticus prevailing strains. (C) 2001 Society of Chemical Industry.
Subject: mycotoxins
Brazilian corn
ochratoxin A
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.882
Date Issue: 2001
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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