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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Two karyotypes and heteromorphic sex chromosomes in Physalaemus petersi (Anura, Leptodactylidae)|
|Abstract:||Cytogenetic analyses were performed on specimens from two populations of Physalaemus petersi from three locations in Brazilian West Amazon. Chromosomes from the testis and intestinal epithelium were stained conventionally with Giemsa or C-banded. All animals studied showed a full chromosome complement of 2n = 22, bur two distinct karyotypes (I and II) were detected among specimens from one of the populations. Karyotype I specimens showed a XX/XY sex chromosome system and C-band polymorphism. Bivalent chromosomes with heterozygous C-banding frequently lacked chiasmata in the region of this heterochromatin during the first meiotic division. The less common karyotype (II) had a heteromorphic pair of chromosomes, but the relationship of this pair to sex determination could not be elucidated because of the absence of female specimens. Karyotype II was observed in males whose call differed from those of other males in the same population, suggesting that a reevaluation of the taxon P. petersi may be necessary. These results suggest that, in these populations, karyological evolution occurs faster than anatomical evolution.|
|Editor:||Natl Research Council Canada|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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