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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||A new look at the hemolytic effect of local anesthetics, considering their real membrane/water partitioning at pH 7.4|
de Paula, E
|Abstract:||The interaction of local anesthetics (LA) with biological and phospholipid bilayers was investigated regarding the contribution of their structure and physicochemical properties to membrane partition and to erythrocyte solubilization. We measured the partition into phospholipid vesicles-at pH 5.0 and 10.5-and the biphasic hemolytic effect on rat erythrocytes of., benzocaine, chloroprocaine, procaine, tetracaine, bupivacaine, mepivacaine, lidocaine, prilocaine, and dibucaine. At pH 7.4, the binding of uncharged and charged LA to the membranes was considered, since it results in an ionization constant (pK(app)) different from that observed for the anesthetic in the aqueous phase (pK(w)). Even though it occurred at a pH at which there is a predominance of the charged species, hemolysis was greatly influenced by the uncharged species, revealing that the disrupting effect of LA on these membranes is mainly a consequence of hydrophobic interactions. The correlation between the hemolytic activity and the LA potency shows that hemolytic experiments could be used for the prediction of activity in the development of new LA molecules. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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