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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: A new experimental model for inducing interstitial cystitis by oxidative stress using bladder instillation of a nitric oxide donor gel
Author: Palma, TF
Seabra, A
Souto, SC
Maciel, L
Alvarenga, M
Siniscalchi, R
Ganzarolli, M
Ricetto, C
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study is to develop a new experimental model of inducing interstitial cystitis (IC) through vesical instillation of a polymeric solution containing the NO donor S-nitrousglutathione (GSNO) and to compare it to the experimental interstitial cystitis induced by vesical instillation of protamine and potassium chloride. Material and method: For that purpose 40 female Wistar rats were used, divided in four groups: 1. saline solution + GSNO; 2. saline solution + polymeric solution (without GNSO); 3. protamine sulphate + KCl; 4. protamine sulphate + GSNO. The rats received one application (5 animals) or 3 applications (5 animals) of the corresponding substance through intravesical instillation, and after 6 days (5 animals) or 9 days (5 animals) they were euthanized and their bladders were removed for macroscopic evaluation and histological study. Results: In the macroscopic evaluation we observed edema and hyperemia of the mucosa in 2 (22%) of the animals in group 1, in 0 (0%) of the animals in group 2, in 10 (100%) of the animals in group 3, and in 5 (50%) of the animals in group 4. In the protamine + KCl group and in saline + GSNO similar effects were observed on the bladder wall. The animals in group 2 (saline + polymeric) showed vascular congestion, significantly smaller than the rest after 9 days instillations (p = 0.0035). Significant increased fibrosis was observed after instillations in groups 3 and 4, after 6 days (p = 0.3781) and 9 days (p = 0.0459) respectively, when compared to control (group 2). All groups presented neutrophilic infiltrate of variable intensity 6 days after instillations (p = 0.7277). After 9 days, there was a regression of the infiltrate, with no evidence of accentuated neutrophilic reaction in all the groups (p = 0.2301). Conclusion: The inflammatory response to bladder instillation of an aqueous solution of S-nitrousglutathione was very similar to that induced by bladder instillation of protamine and KCl. Instillation of an aqueous solution of GSNO can be considered a new model for experimental induction of interstitial cystitis. (C) 2010 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L. All rights reserved.
Subject: Interstitial Cystitis
Nitric Oxide
In vivo model
Country: Espanha
Editor: Ene Ediciones Sl
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.acuro.2010.05.018
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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