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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Water solubilization of ethanol and BTEX from gasoline: on-line monitoring by membrane introduction mass spectrometry|
|Abstract:||The solubilization of ethanol and the aromatic hydrocarbons benzene, toluene and the isomeric ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) in water in contact with commercial samples of ethanol-containing Brazilian gasoline was monitored on-line by membrane introduction mass spectrometry (MIMS) and BTEX and ethanol concentrations in water after prolonged contact were measured by flow injection analysis (FIA) coupled with MIMS (FIA-MIMS). The cosolvent effect of ethanol, which is known to increase BTEX solubility in water, was also found to speed up BTEX solubilization as compared with ethanol-free gasoline. The ethanol cosolvent effect was also compared with that of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE). Chemometric multivariate analysis applied to FIA-MIMS mass spectra of the ethanol-BTEX aqueous solutions formed after prolonged contact with gasoline samples showed that identical samples cluster closely whereas small variances in BTEX composition occurring among and within the three different types of ethanol-containing Brazilian gasoline are easily detected as they cause great dispersion in the chemometric plots.|
|Editor:||Royal Soc Chemistry|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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