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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Severe neurologic manifestations from cervical spine instability in spondylo-megaepiphyseal-metaphyseal dysplasia
Author: Simon, M
Campos-Xavier, AB
Mittaz-Crettol, L
Valadares, ER
Carvalho, D
Speck-Martins, CE
Nampoothiri, S
Alanay, Y
Mihci, E
van Bever, Y
Garcia-Segarra, N
Cavalcanti, D
Mortier, G
Bonafe, L
Superti-Furga, A
Abstract: Spondylo-megaepiphyseal-metaphyseal dysplasia (SMMD; OMIM 613330) is a dysostosis/dysplasia caused by recessive mutations in the homeobox-containing gene, NKX3-2 (formerly known as BAPX1). Because of the rarity of the condition, its diagnostic features and natural course are not well known. We describe clinical and radiographic findings in six patients (five of which with homozygous mutations in the NKX3-2 gene) and highlight the unusual and severe changes in the cervical spine and the neurologic complications. In individuals with SMMD, the trunk and the neck are short, while the limbs, fingers and toes are disproportionately long. Radiographs show a severe ossification delay of the vertebral bodies with sagittal and coronal clefts, missing ossification of the pubic bones, large round balloon-like epiphyses of the long bones, and presence of multiple pseudoepiphyses at all metacarpals and phalanges. Reduced or absent ossification of the cervical vertebrae leads to cervical instability with anterior or posterior kinking of the cervical spine (swan neck-like deformity, kyknodysostosis). As a result of the cervical spine instability or deformation, five of six patients in our series suffered cervical cord injury that manifested clinically as limb spasticity. Although the number of individuals observed is small, the high incidence of cervical spine deformation in SMMD is unique among skeletal dysplasias. Early diagnosis of SMMD by recognition of the radiographic pattern might prevent of the neurologic complications via prophylactic cervical spine stabilization. (C) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Subject: spondylo-megaepiphyseal-metaphyseal dysplasia
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell
Citation: American Journal Of Medical Genetics Part C-seminars In Medical Genetics. Wiley-blackwell, v. 160C, n. 3, n. 230, n. 237, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.c.31339
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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