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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Short-Path-Distillation Process of Lemongrass Essential Oil: Physicochemical Characterization and Assessment Quality of the Distillate and the Residue Products
Author: Tovar, LP
Pinto, GMF
Wolf-Maciel, MR
Batistella, CB
Maciel, R
Abstract: Short-path distillation (SPD), a special high-tech thermal separation technique operating at high vacuum, was used in order to increase the citral concentration in lemongrass essential oil, without adding any extra components to the system, causing minimal thermal impact and reaching high quality for the essential oil extracted at the distillate stream. Experiments were carried out using a centrifugal molecular distillation unit with an evaporator temperature (EVT) from 60 to 120 degrees C and a feed flow rate (Q) from 1.5 to 4.5 mL . min(-1). Experimental protocols for oil and fat analysis were used to characterize the materials extracted. Results (obtained using GC-MS) showed that bSPD was successful in the separation and purification of essential oil. High-quality essential oil was confirmed because of citral concentration increases from 19.816 mg(citral) . mL(-1) (initial sample) to 40.963 mg(citral) . mL(-1) (at 120 degrees C and 4.5 mL . min(-1)), reaching a concentration of the bioactive compound (citral) in the distillate stream of 2.1 times the concentration in the original sample. The density, dynamic viscosity, and free fatty acids were 0.901 g . cm(-3), 2.069 mPa.s(-1), and 1.26 wt % (oleic acid), respectively, satisfying the oil quality criterion and avoiding thermal degradation.
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Chemical Soc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1021/ie101503n
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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