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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Structure and Activity Analysis of Two Spider Toxins That Alter Sodium Channel Inactivation Kinetics|
de Lima, ME
|Abstract:||In this work, Phoneutria nigriventer toxins PnTx2-5 and PnTx2-6 were shown to markedly delay the fast inactivation kinetics of neuronal-type sodium channels. Furthermore, our data show that they have significant differences in their interaction with the channel. PnTx2-6 has an affinity 6 times higher than that of PnTx2-5, and its effects are not reversible within 10-15 min of washing. PnTx2-6 partially (59%) competes with the scorpion cc-toxin AaHII, but not with the scorpion beta-toxin CssIV, thus suggesting a mode of action similar to that of site 3 toxins. However, PnTx2-6 is not removed by strong depolarizing pulses, as in the known site 3 toxins. We have also established the correct PnTx2-5 amino acid sequence and confirmed the sequence of PnTx2-6, in both cases establishing that the cysteines are in their oxidized form. A structural model of each toxin is proposed. They show structures with poor alpha-helix content. The model is supported by experimental and theoretical tests. A likely binding region on PnTx2-5 and PnTx2-6 is proposed on the basis of their different affinities and sequence differences.|
|Editor:||Amer Chemical Soc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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