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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Study of mural paintings by Fulvio Pennacchi in Sao Paulo City by mineralogical techniques
Author: Del Lama, EA
Tirello, RA
De Andrade, FRD
Kihara, Y
Abstract: The present research deals with two mural paintings made in 1947 with the fresco technique by Fulvio Pennacchi in the Catholic Chapel of the Hospital das Clinicas (Sao Paulo City, Brazil), namely the Virgin Annunciation and the Supper at Emmaus. This study regards the materials and painting techniques used by the artist, based on historical research, on in situ observations and laboratory analytical techniques (stereomicroscopy, scanning electron microscopy with an energy dispersive spectrometer, X-ray diffractometry, electron microprobe, images obtained with UV-light), aiming to improve the methods of characterization of objects of our cultural heritage, and to enhance its preservation accordingly. The results lead to the identification of the plaster components and of distinct layers in the frescoes, besides further information on grain size, impurities and textures, composition of pigments, and features of deterioration, such as efflorescences. The degree of degradation of the murals painting was assessed by this way. Our data suggest that a single layer of plaster was used by Pennacchi, as a common mortar with fine- and medium-grained aggregates. Differences in texture were obtained by adding gypsum to the plaster.
Subject: efflorescence
mineralogical analysis
Chapel of the Hospital das Clinicas
Country: Brasil
Editor: Acad Brasileira De Ciencias
Citation: Anais Da Academia Brasileira De Ciencias. Acad Brasileira De Ciencias, v. 81, n. 1, n. 115, n. 126, 2009.
Rights: aberto
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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