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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The competing effect of ammonia in the synthesis of iron oxide/silica nanoparticles in microemulsion/sol-gel system
Author: Fernandes, MTC
Garcia, RBR
Leite, CAP
Kawachi, EY
Abstract: Combined microemulsion/sol-gel processes may be used to prepare composite nanoparticles. In this work, iron oxide/silica nanoparticles were synthesized in such a combined system, having ammonium hydroxide acting in both processes: as precipitating agent in the synthesis of iron oxide and as catalyst in the sol-gel process of silica. The nanoparticles were synthesized in microemulsions containing tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and composed by Triton X-100/hexyl alcohol/cyclohexane/aqueous solution, with different amounts of ammonium hydroxide. Powder materials were obtained after centrifugation, washing and drying, and they were analyzed as synthesized and after heating at 350, 500 and 1000 degrees C. The influence of base quantity was evaluated in relation to the size of the particles and the iron oxide phase synthesized. TEM analysis showed that nanometric iron oxide particles were formed and that they were percolated by a net of amorphous silica. The higher amount of ammonia seems to have induced TEOS condensation process instead of iron oxide particles' growth, indicating that the quantity of base influenced both the microemulsion system and the sal-gel process, but with minor influence over the iron oxide composition, as evidenced by FT-IR and DRX. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Microemulsion
Silica net
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2013.01.025
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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