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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The crystal structure of a lysozyme c from housefly Musca domestica, the first structure of a digestive lysozyme
Author: Cancado, FC
Valerio, AA
Marana, SR
Barbosa, JARG
Abstract: Lysozymes from family 22 of glycoside hydrolases are usually part of the defense system against bacteria. However in ruminant art-iodactyls and saprophagous insects, lysozymes are involved in the digestion of bacteria. Here, we report the first crystallographic structure of a digestive lysozyme in its native and complexed forms, the structure of lysozyme I from Musca domestica larvae midgut (MdL1). Structural and biochemical data presented for MdL1 are analyzed in light of digestive lysozymes' traits. The structural core is similar, but a careful analysis of a structural alignment generated with other lysozymes c reveals that significant differences occur in coil regions. The loop from MdL1 defined by residues 98-100 has one deletion previous to residue Gln 100, which leads to a less exposed conformation and might justify the resistance to proteolysis observed for MdL1. In addition, G1n100 is directly involved in a few hydrogen bonds to the ligand in a yet unobserved substrate binding mode. The pK(a)s of the MdL1 catalytic residues (Glu32 and Asp50) are lower (6.40 and 3.09, respectively) than those from Gallus gallus egg lysozyme (GgL, hen egg white lysozyme-HEWL) (6.61 and 3.85, respectively). A unique feature of MdL1 is a hydrogen bond between Thr107 O gamma and Glu32 carboxylate group, which combined with the presence of Ser106 contributes to decrease the pK(a) of Glu32. Furthermore, in MdL1 the presence of Asn46 preventing the occurrence of an electrostatic repulsion with Asp50 and the increment in the solvent exposition of Asp50 due to Pro42 insertion contribute to reduce the pK(a) of Asp50. These structural elements affecting the pK(a)s of the catalytic residues should contribute to the acidic pH optimum presented by MdL1. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: digestive lysozyme 1
Musca domestica
X-ray crystal structure
tetra -N-acetylehitotetraose
pH optimum
Country: EUA
Editor: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science
Citation: Journal Of Structural Biology. Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 160, n. 1, n. 83, n. 92, 2007.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2007.07.008
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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