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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Stability and optimality of a multi-product production and storage system under demand uncertainty|
do Val, JBR
|Abstract:||This work develops a discrete event model for a multi-product multi-stage production and storage (P&S) problem subject to random demand. The intervention problem consists of three types of possible decisions made at the end of one stage, which depend on the observed demand (or lack of) for each item: (i) to proceed further with the production of the same product, (ii) to proceed with the production of another product or (iii) to halt the production. The intervention problem is formulated in terms of dynamic programming (DP) operators and each possible solution induces an homogeneous Markov chain that characterizes the dynamics. However, solving directly the DP problem is not a viable task in situations involving a moderately large number of products with many production stages, and the idea of the paper is to detach from strict optimality with monitored precision, and rely on stability. The notion of stochastic stability brought to bear requires a finite set of positive recurrent states and the paper derives necessary and sufficient conditions for a policy to induce such a set in the studied P&S problem. An approximate value iteration algorithm is proposed, which applies to the broader class of control problems described by homogeneous Markov chains that satisfy a structural condition pointed out in the paper. This procedure iterates in a finite subset of the state space, circumventing the computational burden of standard dynamic programming. To benchmark the approach, the proposed algorithm is applied to a simple two-product P&S system. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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