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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Spontaneous formation of highly dispersed spheroidal metallic silver nanoparticles in surfactant-free N,N-dimethylacetamide|
|Author:||da Costa, LP|
|Abstract:||The present work describes a simple method for preparing highly dispersed spheroidal metallic silver nanoparticles in surfactant-free N,N-dimethylacetamide solution. The optical properties, shape and size of the metallic silver nanoparticles obtained in N,N-dimethylacetamide after different times of reaction were characterized using UV-vis absorption spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The average size of the metallic silver nanoparticles is smaller than that obtained by the well established procedure using N,N-dimethyformamide. Using optimized geometries for N,N-dimethylacetamide and N,N-dimethyformamide, vertical ionization energies and electron affinities were calculated by means of the UHF/DFT calculations of cations and anions, respectively. The difference between ionization energies and electron affinities is higher for N,N-dimethyformamide indicating that it is a harder base than N,N-dimethylacetamide. Therefore, N,N-dimethyformamide probably interacts more weakly with Ag(I) ions than does N,N-dimethylacetamide. The strength of this chemical interaction has implications on the stabilization and dispersion of silver nanoparticles obtained in N,N-dimethylacetamide. The low cost, simple methodology may be used as a platform for further studies in surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy as well as with other optical properties that depend on the surface plasmon resonance of metallic silver nanoparticles. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Sa|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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