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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Spin-glass behavior in a three-dimensional antiferromagnet ordered phase: Magnetic structure of Co-2(OH)(PO4)|
|Abstract:||Co-2(OH)(PO4) has been prepared from hydrothermal synthesis and characterized from powder x-ray diffraction. The nuclear and magnetic structures have been determined by neutron (D2B and D1B) diffraction data. The structure consists of a three-dimensional framework in which Co(1)O-5-trigonal bipyramid dimers and Co(2)O-6-octahedra chains are simultaneously present. The EPR spectrum of Zn-2(OH)(PO4):0.1%Co at 4.2 K shows a strong anisotropy of the g factor. The values obtained for the g tensor and the hyperfine coupling constants for the octahedral symmetry were g(1)=5.890, g(2)=4.550, and g(3)=2.021 and A(1)=240x10(-4) cm(-1), A(2)=155x10(-4) cm(-1), and A(3)=85x10(-4) cm(-1). Signals corresponding to the five-coordinated Co(II) ions were also observed. Magnetization measurements show the presence of two maxima at circa 75 and 15 K, respectively. The first peak was attributed to a three-dimensional antiferromagnetic ordering and the second one reveals the existence of a spin-glass-like state. This state with a cooperative freezing was also confirmed by both ac susceptibility measurements and magnetic irreversibility observed in the zero-field-cooled-field-cooled signals. From low-temperature neutron-diffraction data, antiferromagnetic ordering is established with an ordering temperature of 71 K. The propagation vector of the magnetic structure is k=[0,0,0]. The magnetic moments at 1.7 K are ferromagnetically coupled between CoO6-octahedra chains and the Co2O10 dimers in the z direction. The values obtained for the magnetic moments are: 3.39(7)mu(B) [Co(1)] and 3.84(5)mu(B) [Co(2)]. The absence of any anomaly in both the specific heat and thermal evolution of the magnetic moments below similar to20 K confirms the blocking process of a spin glass behavior. The crystal-field splitting of the Co2+ ions causes a single ion anisotropy along the z (c-axis) direction, giving an Ising character in which the local spins from the Co(1) dimers are frozen. A magnetic frustration in the Co(1) magnetic moments is observed as due to the presence of antiferromagnetic interactions between Co(2) neighbor chains. It is to note the existence of a Co(1)-O(3)(PO3)-Co(2) superexchange angle with a value of 107degrees that involves ferromagnetic couplings between chain and dimer neighbors ferromagnetically coupled. This exchange pathway together with the anisotropy and frustration could be the responsible of the spin glass behavior observed in the three-dimensional antiferromagnetic Co-2(OH)(PO4) ordered phase.|
|Editor:||Amer Physical Soc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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