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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Synthesis of 7-Hydroperoxycholesterol and Its Separation, Identification, and Quantification in Cholesterol Heated Model Systems|
|Abstract:||7-Hydroperoxycholesterol is considered to be an intermediate compound of the cholesterol oxidation path as the first product formed when cholesterol is oxidized by triplet oxygen. However, there is a limitation on cholesterol mechanism studies because of the lack of 7-hydroperoxycholesterol analytical standard due to its low stability. To verify the formation of hydroperoxides in cholesterol model systems heated at 140, 180, and 220 degrees C, 7 alpha-hydroperoxycholesterol was synthesized by cholesterol photo-oxidation followed by rearrangement at room temperature in chloroform. Its structure was confirmed on the basis of (13)C NMR and mass spectra obtained by APCI-LC-MS. The synthesized compound was also used as standard for the quantification of 7-hydroperoxycholesterol as the sum of 7 alpha- and 7 beta-hydroperoxycholesterol. The results demonstrated that 7-hydroperoxycholesterol is the first compound formed when the temperature is lower (140 degrees C). However, the concentration of the 7-hydroperoxycholesterol depends on the temperature and time of exposure: the higher the time, the higher the amount of 7-hydroperoxycholesterol at lower temperatures, and the lower the time, the lower the amount of 7-hydroperoxycholesterol at higher temperatures (180 and 220 degrees C). By the formation of 7-hydroperoxycholesterol, the known cholesterol oxidation mechanism in three phases (initiation, propagation, and termination) could be confirmed; once at lower temperatures, the stage of cholesterol oxidation is at initiation, at which hydroperoxide formation predominates.|
|Editor:||Amer Chemical Soc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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