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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Synthesis and acidic properties of the SiO2/SnO2 mixed oxides obtained by the sol-gel process. Evaluation of immobilized copper hexacyanoferrate as an electrochemical probe
Author: Cardoso, WS
Francisco, MSP
Lucho, AMS
Gushikem, Y
Abstract: SiO2/SnO2 mixed oxides were prepared by the sol-gel processing method using SnI4 as the tin oxide precursor reagent. Solids with Sri compositions (in wt.%) of 4.1, 12.9 and 18.4 and presenting specific surface areas (detennined by the BET method) of 492, 658 and 712 m 2 (-l) 9, respectively, were obtained. Transmission microscopic images showed nanosized SnO2 particles with average dimensions of (5.3 +/- 0.5) mu for samples having 12.9 wt.% Sri and (7.0 +/- 0.7) nm for samples having 18.4 wt.% Sri. For the sample presenting 4 wt.% of Sn the crystallites were poorly defined, barely being observed. The amorphous SnO2 particles started to crystallize at different temperatures, i.e., 1273, 1173 and 1073 K for samples with 4.1, 12.9 and 18.4 wt.% of Sri, respectively. The X-ray diffraction patterns showed that only cassiterite crystallites were present in every case and, even at a temperature of 1473 K, the SiO2, remained as an amorphous matrix. The Lewis and Bronsted acid sites were thermally stable up to a temperature of 523 K for all the compositions, as probed using pyridine molecules. The infrared spectra showed that Si-O-Sn bonds are formed at the interface between SiO2 and SnO2 particles. These bonds are the ones mainly responsible for the low mobility of the oxide particles, avoiding crystallization of SnO2. Copper hexacyanoferrate was prepared in situ on the SiO2/SnO2 surface and cyclic voltammetry tests were carried out by sweeping the potential between 0.2 and 1.0 V. The midpoint potential corresponding to the redo process: equivalent to SnOH2+/{KCu potential between 0.2 and 1.0 V. The midpoint potential corresponding to the redox process: SnOH2+/KCu[Fe(CN)(6)}(-) Cu[Fe(CN)(6)}(_)+K++e(-) was observed at about 0.7 V. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopic data showed a charge transfer resistance of 17.8 Omega. This low value favors the oxidation-reduction process in the pores of the material. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.
Subject: SiO2/SnO2 mixed oxides
sol-gel process
structural characterization
cyclic voltammetry
electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.ssi.2003.12.017
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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