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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Surface modification with phosphoric acid of SiO2/Nb2O5 prepared by the sol-gel method: Structural-textural and acid sites studies and an ion exchange model|
|Abstract:||In this work, the structural and textural properties of the SiO2/Nb2O5 system prepared by the sol-gel method and then modified by phosphoric acid were studied. The different materials were prepared, with three different mol % Nb2O5 (2.5, 5.0, and 7.5 mol %), and calcined in the temperature range of 423-1273 K. BET specific surface area determinations, scanning electron microscopy connected to a X-ray emission analyzer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used for the investigation. For the lowest temperature of calcination (423 K), the mesopores and micropores of the modified material were blocked, resulting in a decrease of the specific surface area compared to the S-BET values obtained for the SiNb matrix. Under intermediate temperatures of calcination (423-873 K), the modified material acquired textural stability. By XPS analysis, the presence of the dihydrogenphosphate species was identified, the P/Nb atomic ratios being independent of the thermal treatment. P-31 magic angle spinning NMR confirmed the XPS data and also showed that the chemical shift of the (H2PO4)(-) ions strongly depended on the crystallization degree of the Nb2O5. Structural thermal stability was also shown by the presence of Bronsted acid sites in the modified material calcined at high temperature (1273 K). The thermal stability is directly associated with obtainment of the same value for K+ exchange capacity (0.74 mmol g(-1), average value) for the modified materials calcined at 423 and 1273 K. The chemical analyses of phosphorus for the modified materials were made by using the inductively coupled plasma. The value was 0.36 mmol g(-1), corroborating the presence of (H2PO4)(-) ions. The ion exchange isotherms presented an S-shaped form characteristic of energetically heterogeneous ion exchangers, permitting application of a model of fixed polydentate centers, in which ion exchange took place.|
|Editor:||Amer Chemical Soc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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